(Impact and Results of GNWP’s programs on Women and Peace and Security)
GNWP is involved in a number of programs and initiatives around the world on the implementation of UNSCR 1325, 1820 and the supporting resolutions. Following are some highlights of the impact and results achieved under its specific programs.
Inspiring Locally, Implementing Globally: Localization of UNSCR 1325 and 1820
The Localization of UNSCR 1325 and 1820 program engages key local actors in the implementation of UNSCR1325, 1820 and the supporting resolutions on Women, Peace and Security (WPS) in local communities. The program was cited in the UN Secretary General’s 2012 report on WPS as an important strategy that promotes implementation at sub-national and regional levels, as well as an effort to integrate WPS commitments to legislation, policy-making and planning processes. It has set in motion actual implementation of UNSCR 1325 in several countries where the program is operational, shifting the focus from mere discussion to concrete action. This program is being implemented in Burundi, Colombia, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Nepal, Philippines, Sierra Leone and Uganda, though its recognition as a best example of UNSCR 1325 implementation paves the way for possible replication in other countries.
Impact and Results
Burundi: The 2010 Localization Workshops led to the formation of a Core Messengers of 1325 group — a group that conducts awareness-raising campaigns on UNSCR 135 and 1820. As a follow-up to the Localization Workshops, the Burundi Guidelines for Integration of UNSCR 1325 and 1820 into local development planning processes were drafted in 2012. They are currently being field tested in select provinces of the country.
Colombia: In the absence of a National Action Plan (NAP), participants in Localization Workshops in 2012 are drafting Departmental Action Plans on UNSCR 1325 and 1820. Participants are now conducting their own Advocacy Campaigns and Workshops to hold mayors’ and public attorneys’ offices accountable for the implementation of UNSCR 1325 at the local level. The Localization Program has become an alternative mechanism for implementation.
Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC): Following the recent Localization Workshops in March‐April 2013, participants are already active in awareness-raising on the resolutions in their respective local institutions and communities: police officers, school teachers and university professors have held seminars on UNSCR 1325 and 1820 in their respective institutions.
Localization program in Nepal led to the integration of UNSCR 1325 and 1820 in school curricula and the inclusion of UNSCR 1325 and 1820 in police and army trainings. In addition, the Ministries of Peace and Reconstruction and Federal Affairs and Local Development and Nepali CSOs developed NAP Localization Guidelines that now serve as a manual to guide local peace committees, Village and District Development Committees in integrating the NAP on 1325 and 1820 in their local development plans.
Philippines: The 2012 Localization Workshops led to the inclusion of 4 women in the Bodong in Kalinga province, a 24-member century-old peace council appointed by tribal elders which, until then, was exclusively male. Following the workshops, government officials in the municipality of Real, Quezon, passed a resolution guaranteeing 50% women’s representation and participation in all appointed local governance bodies. Furthermore, Local Action Plans and Barangay (community) Action Plans on UNSCR 1324 and 1820 — the local configurations of the NAP—have now been developed in some provinces, to adequately respond to the local WPS context.
Sierra Leone: Trainings for customary law officers on UNSCR 1325 and 1820 and the establishment of District Task Forces for coordination in implementing the Sierra Leone’s 1325 and 1820 NAP (SiLNAP) are just a few of commitments made by the participants in Localization program. Localization of SiLNAP Guidelines have been developed jointly by the Ministries of Gender and Local Government and civil society and were officially adopted and launched in February 2013.
Uganda: Local authorities in Dokolo district, together with CSOs, developed the Dokolo Action Plan (DAP) on UNSCR 1325 and 1820, which focuses on the issue of sexual and gender-based violence. The DAP is the local translation of the NAP 1325 in this conflict‐affected district.
Support to National Action Planning on UNSCR 1325 and 1820
GNWP has supported a number of countries in their 1325 National Action Planning processes, such as Afghanistan, Burundi, Guatemala, Japan, Nepal, Philippines, Sierra Leone, South Korea and South Sudan. GNWP’s activities in support of National Action Planning processes include: providing advice in the drafting of the NAP and the development of indicators; undertaking workshops on capacity building; and creating experience and learning forums with member countries that have already gone through the process of adopting a NAP.
Impact and Results
Afghanistan: GNWP training enabled the CSO Steering Committee for the NAP process in Afghanistan to develop a strategy for engaging in the NAP process and learn about Financing Mechanism for NAP implementation.
Burundi: Public meetings and capacity building workshops on UNSCR 1325 and 1820 facilitated by GNWP in Burundi’s 17 provinces (2010 to 2011) contributed to the adoption of the 1325 and 1820 NAP on December 13, 2011.
Guatemala: Consultations between GNWP and the Guatemala Working Group on the NAP 1325 informed the latter of different models for developing a NAP 1325, including strategies in securing political buy‐in, and legislative and other official adoption strategies.
Japan: Consultations between GNWP, and Japanese civil society and government representatives, informed the latter of different models for developing a NAP 1325.
Nepal: GNWP’s support to the drafting process as well as in the development of indicators for the NAP contributed to making Nepal’s NAP process the most consultative, inclusive and participatory NAP process in the world.
Philippines: GNWP’s International Coordinator — a Filipino national with a deep understanding of the context — initiated the NAP process in the Philippines and provided guidance in every phase until it was adopted.
Sierra Leone: GNWP co-organized the Showcasing of the Sierra Leone National Action Plan on SCR 1325 and 1820 on March 4, 2010 in conjunction with the UN Commission Status of Women session in New York. Lessons learned from the Sierra Leone experience has inspired countries like Burundi and Nepal to pursue their NAP processes.
South Korea: GNWP’s support to South Korean CSOs have significantly contributed to the formation of the CSO – government consultative body on NAP 1325. GNWP continues to share information and lessons learned from its various engagement in NAP processes in different countries.
South Sudan: The training workshop on NAP 1325 processes for CSOs and government representatives, organized by GNWP and its local members, led to the formation of a CSO Working Group on 1325. The Working Group undertakes the necessary steps for the development of South Sudan’s 1325 NAP process along with the Ministry of Gender, Child and Social Welfare and the Joint Donor Team.
Civil Society In country and Global Monitoring of UNSCR 1325
GNWP’s 1325 Monitoring Project is the first CSO initiative that regularly monitors the implementation of the Women, Peace and Security resolutions. The outcomes are powerful advocacy tools that provide women peace activists with an evidence-based instrument to advocate for better implementation of UNSCR 1325 and 1820. Since initiated in 2010, GNWP members from Afghanistan, Canada, Colombia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Fiji, Liberia, Nepal, Netherlands, Philippines, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, and Uganda have participated in the monitoring project.
Impact and Results
Colombia: In the absence of a NAP In Colombia, the civil society monitoring project has become an exercise for a deeper awareness- and knowledge-raising on UNSCR 1325 and 1820 and the supporting resolutions, as well as assessing the applicability of the WPS resolutions to the country context. This has led to the exploration of alternative mechanisms for implementation, such as Departmental or Local Action Plans.
Nepal: The first phase of the Civil Society Monitoring of UNSCR 1325 project in Nepal supported the national action planning process in the country. The indicators developed by GNWP served as examples and inputs for the development of the indicators for Nepal’s NAP.
Uganda: The 1325 Civil Society Monitoring in Uganda became a wide-reaching awareness- and knowledge‐raising and strategizing exercise in local communities. It has also contributed to pressuring the government to include civil society in the development of the indicators to Uganda’s NAP.
South Sudan: The civil society monitoring led to the formation of the Civil Society Working Group on 1325 which is currently spearheading the national action planning process along with the Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Welfare and the Joint Donor Team.
Advocacy for a CEDAW General Recommendation (GR) on Women in Conflict Prevention, Conflict and Post-conflict Situations
In 2012, GNWP conducted workshops and meetings on the use of CEDAW as an instrument in reporting on UNSCR 1325 and 1820 implementation in Burundi, Colombia, Nepal, the Philippines and South Sudan. GNWP’s advocacy activities have been instrumental in sustaining the overall process towards the development and adoption of the CEDAW GR on Women in Conflict Prevention, Conflict and Post-conflict Situations. The CEDAW Committee has recognized GNWP’s contribution and inputs on the complementarity between CEDAW and UNSCR 1325, 1820, and the supporting Women, Peace and Security resolutions, and these are reflected in the draft of the GR.
Impact and Results
Capacity building on the use of CEDAW as a reporting mechanism: Through GNWP trainings, the capacities of 150 women’s organizations and CSOs in Burundi, Colombia, Nepal, the Philippines and South Sudan were strengthened on the use of CEDAW to lobby States Parties to comply with the three-fold obligation to respect, protect and fulfill women’s human rights, including the implementation of international legal mechanisms such as UNSCR 1325, 1820 and the supporting resolutions on Women, Peace and Security. These organizations have pledged to incorporate CEDAW and its principles in their advocacy and programmatic work related to the implementation of UNSCR 1325 and 1820 and the supporting resolutions.
Advocacy on the CEDAW GR:
GNWP Statement — A statement produced by GNWP calling for women’s participation in peace negotiations and decision-making at all levels on peace and security issues was cited in all of the regional consultations on the CEDAW GR.
GNWP policy briefs on the GR — GNWP produced policy briefs on the GR based on the regional consultations. The briefs were aimed at broadening the discussions and soliciting inputs to the draft GR.
Policy briefing with the CEDAW Experts — In conjunction with the 52nd session of the CEDAW Committee in July 2012, GNWP and the Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the UN organized a policy briefing with the CEDAW Experts on the GR on Women in conflict Prevention, Conflict and Post-conflict Situations. The event discussed the parallels between the GR and UNSCR 1325 and 1820 and analyzed how the GR can contribute to reducing the accountability gap to the UNSCR 1325, 1820 and the other WPS resolutions.
Media Outreach on UNSCR 1325 & 1820
The Media Outreach on UNSCR 1325 and 1820 program raises awareness and knowledge of UNSCR 1325 and 1820 at the country and community levels, using a convergence of radio, television, and social media such as Facebook and Twitter. Radio and TV spots produced as part of this program in national and local languages have also been used as instruments to stop SGBV, to promote women’s participation in decision-making, and to hold the government and local communities’ accountable for the implementation of UNSCR 1325 and 1820. This program is implemented in Colombia, Nepal and Liberia and has reached over 3 million people.
Impact and Results
Colombia: Spanish-language radio spots produced by GNWP and its members have been diffused by community and national radio stations, resulting in the widespread popularization of the WPS resolutions in urban and rural communities. These were the first radio productions dedicated to popularizing UNSCR 1325 and 1820 in indigenous and Afro-Colombian communities. The radio productions were also used as training materials during various 1325 and 1820 workshops.
Nepal: Complementing the work on Localization of UNSCR 1325 and 1820 In Nepal, GNWP and its local members produced radio and TV spots in Nepali, which were aired over community and national radio and TV stations. This resulted in a tremendous increase in awareness and knowledge of the resolutions in urban and rural communities.
Liberia: Radio and TV spots were produced in Liberia in 2012, in collaboration with GNWP members, media organizations and individual media practitioners. In addition to popularizing UNSCR 1325 and 1820, these spots are now serving as preparatory platforms for the Localization of UNSCR 1325 and 1820 program.
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