With Mohammad Morsi’s inauguration as President of Egypt in June 2012, many Egyptians hoped that the country’s fitful political transition would finally be on a smoother path towards institutional reform and democratization (see summary of key events). But much remains in flux. The constitution drafting process that was contentious from the outset of the transition still poses difficulties for Mr. Morsi. He has promised a new constitution that would be put to a referendum within 2 weeks of completion, to be followed by new parliamentary elections 60 days after that. But resignations from the drafting committee and criticism about the lack of transparency have plagued the process and led to delays. In addition, civil rights advocates are concerned about the limited time available to consult and educate the public about the provisions of the new constitution.
ICAN’s third MENA Region Issue Brief: July 2012
The unprecedented, devastating and counterproductive impact of sanctions, coupled with the on-and-off threat of war, is an ever-growing reality in the lives of ordinary Iranians. For the generation of Iranians whose childhood was punctured by nightly bombings, fear of chemical attacks, and eight years of death and destruction result- ing from the Iran-Iraq war, the current state of uncertainty, prospects of hardship and unraveling of the lives they rebuilt is overwhelming.
Tunisia marked the first anniversary of its largely peaceful revolution on January 14 2012. It has been a momentous year since spontaneous public uprisings involving women and men, old and young, rural and urban, led to the demise of a dictatorship. In October 2011, the first free and fair parliamentary elections in decades took place.
ICAN’s first MENA Region Issue Brief: December 2011
In the first of ICAN’s What the Women Say, MENA Region Briefs, crosscutting regional trends that threaten basic norms of democracy, equality and affect women’s abilities to participate in and influence critical decision-making processes–nationally and internationally—that will determine the course of these countries’ futures and the lives of women have been highlighted. Beyond identifying key regional challenges and issues impacting women, the brief provides recommendations to national and international policymakers and the media on the importance of and the strategies for ensuring the participation of women in the formation of just, open, equal and democratic societies.
This regional issue brief results from in country visits and consultations with women’s rights and human rights activists, lawyers, scholars, journalists and policymakers in Egypt, Tunisia and Morocco as well as broad consultations with international experts and local activists from the region, including Libya and Afghanistan.